Friday, November 09, 2007

NEPAD ONLINE newsletter 203

Click here to view the Newsletter online

NEPAD ONLINE newsletter 203

China to work with NEPAD and African partners on aquaculture research

Top-level executives attend annual regional meeting on Africa's progress

NEPAD Gender Task Force recommends changes in APRM reporting

Focus on water and sanitation at AFUR workshop

Saturday, October 27, 2007

Office equipment for NPP ::: Breaking News | News in Ghana | politics


Ford-K now seeks ancestors blessings

Go to the Article here

World Council of Elders Namibia: Hishoono Squeaks in As Elders Council SG (Page 1 of 1)

Nepad Newsletter 201

Click here to view this newsletter online

26 Octob2007


Unique opportunity for Africa and development partners to work on NEPAD


Think Tank workshop on Peer Review issues


Burkino Faso and Mali next on Peer Review list


Mayor supports Cities programme to make NEPAD happen at the local level


UNEP environment report will help NEPAD’s agenda


Training programme for district health



Sunday, October 21, 2007

The football field of corporate business

The football field of corporate business

We have such a wonderful diverse kaleidoscope of people living in South Africa today.

It is such a pity that laws like BEE infringes or tries to control the natural ability of South Africans to make this country an economic giant on the world corporate rugby field.

One can say BEE is not playing the ball fairly.

Why tar all citizens with the same brush. We have such a diverse African economy.

Methods could be found to empower all previously disadvantaged people by offering them assistance to start up their own companies without hijacking well run financial giants.

Only a strong economy can empower all citizens of South Africa.

If the rugby team was subjected to the same criteria as the business world in South Africa, we may not have taken the world cup.

Lets turn the economy of South Africa round to becoming top players corporate global rugby field.

Saturday, October 20, 2007


Ministers approve $2bn submarine cable to connect Africa

High-level meeting praises progress with implementation of CAADP

Key role of agriculture in reaching Millennium Development Goals

APRM Secretariat gears up for major implementation workshop in Algiers

Saturday, October 06, 2007

Is South Africa is destined to become an industrial wasteland of Africa?


We use, according to Carte Blanch, last night, a third of Africa's electricity. (If I remember right)

90% of our electricity comes from coal.

Plans are afoot to open a number of open-faced cola mines adjacent to conservation land.

Coal mines cause acid deposits in the water systems, threatening the natural wetlands.

South Africa is threatening to destroy all it's dams and river systems.

Even Rietvlei Nature Wetlands Reserve, Cape, is contaminated with an uncontrollable invasion of poisonous blue-green algae due to industrial waste seeping into the waterways of the area.

The removal of trees and reeds exasperated the effect.

Is the "make poverty history" campaign threatening the natural inheritance of out future generations?

What is real poverty?

The lack of money or the lack of a standard of living?

Friday, September 14, 2007

Racial empowerment laws leave no opportunities in the job market for white male school leavers.

White male children especially will find it difficult to get good jobs. They have to wait for the selection to sift through potential employees among black women, black men, colored women, colored men and lastly white women before white boys are often considered for a job in a major South African company. The same racial sifting will be repeated when promotions are to be considered

White children need to be empowered to become managers and run their own companies before they leave school.

White parents will need to find solutions for the male unemployment problem. Giving your child a good education is no longer good enough for South African whites. Perhaps we should look at black tribal customs, (where the boys go into the bush to become men), for a new solution to the present employment problem.

White boys could attend a finishing school year to become managers and self empowered as a new white tribal custom. (Perhaps in the overseas work market instead of the bush)

One cannot fight against the odds. While black people carry bleeding psychological wounds from past injustices, whites need to allow them the space to heal without sinking into poverty and despair.

Struggle makes one strong and “Boer maak 'n plan” There must be a peaceful solution. A win-win solution for all races. We can not force racial equality in the job market but we must find a working solution.

Perhaps South Africans living overseas can help securing the futures of the boys from their fellow countrymen.

Saturday, September 08, 2007

Floor Crossing a crime

Crossing the floor to another political party should be a criminal offense.

It should be a sign that a minister is not to be trusted. He/she makes promises to the voters that he/she does not keep.

Such a person could be classed as a liar.

Do not vote for someone who cannot stand behind his (or her) words.

Remember such people. Store their names to memory. Never support them. They may let you down again.

Governments should be run by honesty, integrity and according to the wishes and needs of the people.

Friday, September 07, 2007

Fw: Science in Africa Latest edition of is live

Warm greetings from Science in Africa.

In this month's edition of Science in Africa find out about the science behind cultured diamonds, the lost treasure in the DRC, the link between your IQ and risk taking and love in a time of AIDS. Learn about technology for solving smelly sewerage treatment problems and curb your winter biodiesel blues. Health, biotechnology, conservation, climate change and more in this month's edition.

Go directly to the homepage at to
follow links to all articles or visit the links below.
In this Month's issue:

Cultured diamonds add colour 
Creativity and science combine to add new high quality coloured cultured diamonds to a marketplace in search of novelty.
Treasure in lost DRC forest
Scientists in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo uncovered lost forests home to at least six new species of wildlife.
Scientists link IQ with risk taking.
Assuming someone gave you the choice of 100 euros today or 150 euros in a year's time. Which sum would you take?
New technology for sewerage treatment 
Shamwari Private Nature Reserve leads the way in adopting new, clean sewerage treatment technology.
Solving winter biodiesel blues
Cold weather can be a pain in your fuel system, especially if you use biodiesel. How to avoid problems in colder weather.
Biological control of toxins
A safe and effective method for biological control of fungal toxins set to improve food security and health in sub-Saharan Africa.
Conservation and environment
Plants on the move
Proteaceae, a long way from home: SA scientist challenges theories on the movement of plants across the globe.
Invasive species get the edge
Research in Antarctica shows climate change gives invasive species the edge over their indigenous counterparts. 
Navigating in complete darkness these fish distingu dead organisms from living ones at a distance.
Barcoding plants
Scientists propose new genetic barcoding method to classify and identify all the world's land plants.
Insight & Opinion
Beekeeping in India - lessons 
From an apicultural and apidological perspective, India, is a promised land. Lessons for and from Africa.

Nutrition no substitute for AIDS drugs
Analysis of scientific research on the links between improved nutrition and the treatment of both HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis has found no evidence that healthier eating is any substitute for correctly-used medical drugs.
Deep brain stimulation offers hope of new therapy in treatment of severe depression.
Fears around circumcision
The hidden dangers of mass male circumcision for curbing HIV/AIDS transmission.
A South African has started the world's first ever dating site for people living with HIV. Levels of post-traumatic stress amongst Aids orphans  similar to children experiencing sexual abuse and those living in war-torn societies.
Levels of post-traumatic stress amongst Aids orphans  similar to children experiencing sexual abuse and those living in war-torn societies.
Woman scientists open up career horizons for Cape Town girls. Scholarships for young scientists.
L'Oréal South Africa, in association with Unesco and the Department of Science and Technology, rewards outstanding women in science. 
Special tuition and science-related excursions through Sasol's Saturday School Programme a recipe for success in SA.

Jobs and postgraduate bursaries and fellowships

Search African science jobs, postdoctoral
fellowships and postgraduate research positions at : .


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Science books and links: Read reviews on science books. .
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in Africa at the details below for permission to reprint or use material.


The team thanks our readers, contributors and sponsors, Merck
Sasol and Inqaba biotec  for continued support.

Until next month,

Happy reading

Best wishes,
The  Science in Africa Team

Dr Janice Limson
Editor-in-chief, Science in Africa
P.O. Box 186
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South Africa
'Africa's first on-line science magazine'

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Saturday, September 01, 2007

Tree felling in Cape Town

Tabletalk Thursday, August 30 published an article and photographs about large trees that needed to be removed between Botasig and the motorway to make way for a new storm water system.

This time the culprit is the provincial administration.

In the past, every spring the parks department would start their tree trimming and spring-cleaning. There seem to be little sense in coinciding tree trimming with the bird-breeding season.
Now that there are so few trees left to trim, perhaps the time can be spent planting new trees instead.

Perhaps one organisation should be in control all tree felling. Requests to fell trees should go through this global interest organisation.

Friday, August 17, 2007

science and technology science and technology for Africa

The importance of ICT/science and technology as a basis of sustainable development of Africa was reaffirmed.

NEPAD explained the core activities of the e-Africa Commission, such as the NEPAD e-Schools Initiative and the ICT infrastructure network. The Japanese expressed their intention to consider knowledge transfer in this area.

Private sector development/trade and investment

In the context of Africa’s needs the Japanese explained their development initiative for trade. This consists of the four areas of assistance: (1) knowledge and technology, (2) finance, (3) human resources and (4) systems development in three stages: production, distribution and cross-border trade as well as enhanced duty-free and quota-free market access to Japan.


The Japanese referred to the results of the TICAD ministerial conference on energy and environment for sustainable development held in Nairobi, Kenya, in March, and indicated that special emphasis is to be placed on environmental issues and climate change at TICAD IV next year.

The two sides agreed on the addition of the environment as the fifth priority sector in Japan’s support to NEPAD.

* TICAD IV – the Tokyo International Conference on African Development -- will be held in Yokohama, Japan, on 28-30 May 2008, with the basic theme of “Towards a vibrant Africa: continent of hope and opportunity”.

The aim is to discuss priorities and methods to strengthen positive trends in Africa in both economic and political areas and to mobilise knowledge and resources of the international community for the sustainable development of Africa.

The importance of the following four areas of cooperation was noted at the Pretoria meeting:

  • boosting growth;
  • achieving the Millennium Development Goals(MDGs);
  • consolidation of peace and democratisation;
  • and addressing environmental and climate change.
  • Visit

Breaking spirit

Much may be lost by destroying a strong man / woman or break his / her spirit. It is wiser to empower such a person to channel his / her power into a positive direction.

Saturday, August 11, 2007



Unions should be held accountable when emergency action has been interrupted due to strike action.
The cost of repairs for vandalism or other damage to property due to strike action should also be subtracted from any wage increases that has been negotiated. People should know that they could not gain from another's pain

Trees are alien to Rietvlei Nature Reserve in Cape Town

No breeding space for large birds at Rietvlei Nature Reserve in Cape Town

The threat of the extinction of the unique local vynbos plant species lead to the drastic removal of all trees from the nature reserves in the Cape.

Saturday, July 28, 2007

Scary stuff


no rich, no poor, no high, no low,

The foreword of the book THE MAN by IRVING WALLACE reads as follow:

One of the author's prized possessions is an original autographed manuscript, written firmly with pen on cheap ruled paper, signed by a former Negro slave who became a great reformer, lecturer, writer, adviser to President Abraham Lincoln, United States Minister to Haiti, and candidate for Vice-President of the United States on the Equal Rights Party ticket in 1872. The manuscript reads as follows:

In a composite Nation like ours, made up of almost every variety of the human family, there should be, as before the Law, no rich, no poor, no high, no low, no black, no white, but one country, one citizenship, equal rights and a common destiny for all.
A Government that cannot or does not protect the humblest citizen in his right to life, Liberty and the pursuit of happiness, should be reformed or overthrown, without delay.

Washington D.C. Oct. 20. 1883

Sunday, July 22, 2007

Council of the Elders

BEE - Blind economic Empowerment

Blind Economic Empowerment - BEE

The racial economic empowerment strategies are being stepped up in South Africa again. It beats me how people can justify laws that cripple the economy. Both the black empowered and the white suppressed see empowerment from different angles. As it has been said: "the argument is whether the stripes on the Zebra is white or black". However I am sure that if one looks closely at the whole zebra one will discover its basic color and that of the stripes. Both belongs to the same zebra

From where I "kyk die kat van die boom uit" I just see that every month someone I know leaves the country. Most of them are highly educated, qualified rich and skilled successful managers or company owners. Their expertise will be lost for South Africa but will widen the gap between first and third world economies. Many of them built their companies up from scratch. Some were involved with charity ventures. All employed people of all races and they also employed domestic workers and gardeners. Their workers and colleges may have became unemployed when their businesses changed hands or closed down. Their places got filled by less skilled workers or skilled workers and managers who could have filled other posts or started their own or other companies to fill the growing unemployment gaps.

To convince me that this trend does not harm the economy I will need to see statistics to prove it. Not the "duim gesuigde" statistics but real ones.

There are more black people in Africa so if economic empowerment was employed to the children born in freedom seventeen years ago, we would today been faced with a majority of black highly well educated children waiting to enter university and in a very short time the economic imbalances would have been something of the past. Instead we sit with a massive skills and jobs shortage. Starving people are pouring over the borders looking for more jobs and politicians who still try to saddle the sick striped economic zebra. Poor people still do not have money to pay for first class education for their children.

In 1990 when I worked in a maternity hospital the race of babies born (at least that year) were left from the birth certificates. Intermarriage were no longer frowned upon. Within a very short time these children will be entering the job market. Will the government be using Natzi statistics to determine who qualify for empowerment then?

Forget empowerment laws. Concentrate on new jobs for the surplus black skilled people who are ready to contribute to the economy. This cake is big enough to share.

Wednesday, July 18, 2007

political colour blindness is needed


If any African political party feels the need to discuss "white people" behind closed doors such a party cannot stand for unity but for division.
To stand for unity in Africa one needs political colour blindness.

Apartheid in modern politics the puss in the wound

We all know and understand that apartheid was an evil practise. We understand that. The lesson has been learnt by those who previously partook in the practise.

It is so sad to see how some governments who were born in peace time keep apartheid alive. Can they not see unity and peace lies in the future and not in past pain. Such clever arguments are used to justify actions. There is support for both sides of an argument - always.

Peace can only happen in the light of forgiveness. Knowing the truth does not necessary lead to forgiveness. It may lead to revenge. - Taking revenge.

The window of the truth commission is closed - from now on it should be called what it is: a staged witch-hunt.

The truth commission was the salve on the wound of apartheid. Even wound healing has a natural time frame. A period in which healing should take place. Scratching an old half-healed wound open again cause new puss to form. Puss that must burst out somewhere. The scarring will be so much thicker.

Peace will be pushed much further in the distance. Does South Africa want to join one of those political unstable or war-torn countries of the continent? Today South Africa is still a roll model for the rest of Africa. Peace is so fragile.

Saturday, July 07, 2007

Starving Africans cannot eat bio-fuel or money

Starving Africans cannot eat bio-fuel or money

It is imperative that the planting of bio-fuel does take up land that should be used for planting food for starving Africans, or have a negative impact on the dwindling natural habitation of African wild animals.

The global think-tank needs to guide the process of growing crops for a cleaner fuel in a continent where so many people are starving.

So often rare and near extinct animals and plants need to give up their last habitat for the progress of man.

Preserve the treasures of Africa. Prevent its treasures from being stripped to fill first world purses

The best way to create energy in Africa is by harnessing its natural resources: The sun, wind, and water. If growing Bio-fuel results in the destruction of natural forests and indigenous natural areas its impact may be as destructive, to the globe, as the production of any other fuel source

Read about the subject 1

Read about the subject 2

Do not experiment on Africans

In an article in the Sunday Argus 24 June 2007 titled
"New research casts more doubt on GM foods"
By Melanie Peters
The following statements were made:

Director of Biowatch Leslie Liddell said a study conducted by French scientific research institute CRIIGEN on a Monsanto maize variety - which South Africa approved in 2002 shows that rats fed the GM maize and those fed conventional maize differed in brain, kidney, heart and liver measurements and had significant weight differences.

Read Report

Read Legalbrief Environment


Babies being born into some Indian tribes in the Amazon are buried alive. This is a practice that is being covered up by the Brazilian authorities out of respect for tribal culture according to newspaper reports. The tradition is based on beliefs that babies with any sort of physical defect have no souls, and that others such as twins and triplets are also "cursed".
In Africa it has been reported in the past that the belief that raping babies or virgins will cure or prevent aids.

If Africans with a similar naive tribal belief cannot yet understand the technology of modern medicine; how can they be expected to understand the running of a modern government with all its complexities? With one-person one-vote these people can be bulldozed into voting for any unscrupulous politician. To harvest political votes in Africa must be one of the main methods of pre-election political farming. Fear of course is another. Let the best political farmer or bully wins. During the first open election the people expected to receive houses immediately, as was promised. Many of them are still waiting and some of them literally died waiting for houses nearly seventeen years later...

The solution may be to give voting rights to people with a predetermined educational standard or of mature age. This will put the decision making process of he country (or continent) back into the hands of the educated and the elders. This can only be done if there is free and available schooling for all children. It will also encourage people to reach the predetermined educational standard in order to have a say in the running of the Country

Read the report in the Telegraph

Saturday, June 30, 2007

Nuclear Power for Electricity

22 June 2007
In Africa it is not a question whether nuclear power is cheaper, more effective or more environmental friendly source of electricity. It is a question of whether the expertise and dedication exists to maintain such an operation. Not so long ago a loose bolt was found in one of the reactors at a nuclear power plant. Everyone agreed that such a potential disaster should never have happened. This very nuclear power plant wants to extend its capacity to cope with the increasing demand for electricity. To add to the foolishness of the whole scenario, of the property developers are putting pressure on the government concerned to allow for development within the safety zone. In Africa money is power. Money or an argument of more jobs or homes can buy almost anything. Decisions are often made without considering the long term or global impact.

Whether to use nuclear power or not in any African country can only be safe when all the African countries are capable of running such an operation.

The question is can nuclear power be regarded as a safe and cleaner source of electricity in on the African continent? Even if one country has the expertise discipline to run such an operation, there is the danger of a copycat reaction from less capable countries. The ripple effect of what happens in one continent soon spread to other African continents. The watchdog of the world will only be able to hold power over African countries while the money is flowing in.

It is so easy for wars, mass strike action and internal cleavages to interfere in the running of operations. Global long-term solutions regarding potentially dangerous technologies need to be implemented.

A "Chernobyl" in Africa will affect the whole world climate. It is also true that first world technologies will be utilised by third world countries if it is a cheaper solution, often regardless of the consequences.

If it is safe, cheap and reliable electrical power the third world needs, perhaps the first world should see that they get it for the sake of the global climate.

WORLD GREED 28-6-2007



One can say that greed is one of the most destructive forces in the world today.

There is enough money to ensure a comfortable living for every sentient being on the planet.

With so much money pouring into Africa all Africans should have the knowledge and tools to have a self-sustainable living.

The elements that paralyze the efforts of first world countries to have the desired "make poverty history' effect in Africa are among other:

  • The Red tape of outdated rules and laws prevent proper distribution of funds and investment opportunities in Africa.
  • Unskilled or immature or greedy decision makers.
  • Corruption and violence.
  • War and anarchy.
  • There is unwillingness among people in power to take responsibility of their own actions.
  • There is a tendency to blame and punish past injustices instead utilizing current resources to create solutions for the future.
  • We have many poor role models among teachers, politicians and those in power.
  • Too many Africans are in "victim mode".
  • A tendency to widen the gap between the higher and lower classes because of the greed of those in control of financial distribution and the population at large.
  • Another problem is the crime that is out of hand, criminal injustice and a poor social structure.
  • Drugs and drug abuse destroys the lives of too many Africans
  • A tendency of African leaders to be global beggars and expects from the first world standards that they are unable to implement in their own countries.
  • Military rule.
  • Etc. Etc.
Money alone will not permanently alleviate poverty.

Education and healing at all levels of the African society will be needed as well as positive role models from first world countries.

Africans need to learn to be accountable for their promises. The money donors should insist on that. Leaders should mirror their expectations. They are not only there to make fancy speeches while globe trotting

Shortcomings that are recognized openly in Africa are often active behind the scenes in the first world.

Where Africans may be master beggars and victims; First world leaders may be master manipulators and deceivers.

Monday, June 11, 2007

African Animals have to earn their keep

The future of wild animals in Africa is under threat. There is a tendency to expect animals to earn their keep. This may lead to only animals who are eaten, killed for sport or attract tourists will have space to roam.

These animals are often kept under poor conditions with little or no space to move.

It may be up to the tourists, bringing foreign money into Africa, to insist that they want to see wildlife roaming free. They need to show their disgust at animals being reared in captivity for the sole purpose of being shot for sport.
Return to website

Saturday, June 09, 2007

Some African politicians broaden the gap between rich and poor.

African politicians often comment about the need to narrow the financial gap between first and third world countries but how many of them actually implement that same policy in their home countries?

How can anyone take the leaders of a country seriously when they talk about narrowing the gap between rich and poor but give themselves a 50% wage increase while in the next breath offer the workers only 7%.

Are they such poor mathematicians?

Politicians empower themselves

"You can fool some of the people some of the time
But you can not fool all of the people all of the time" - popular saying

Many African (and foreign) politicians broaden the gap between rich and poor due to their own greed.

Are policies of narrowing the gap between rich and poor only empty words to score political mileage or spur foreign investment; or is it a mere smoke screen to hide racial employment laws or land invasion practises? Perhaps politicians are just liars or poor mathematicians?

The truth of the above assumption is revealed when one consider the recent policies surrounding employment laws and a country's history of land invasion management and that of the lives (or deaths) of those who occupied the land in question.

One can also compare the amount of money top management spent on themselves compared to their poverty alleviation measures.

How can any leader advocate narrowing the gap between rich and poor when they give themselves a more than a fifty percent wage increase while offering the workers less then 10 percent.

If they are serious about narrowing the gap they should give themselves a seven percent wage increase and offer the workers at the lower scale fifty percent.

Should the leaders of countries not rule by example?

Starving African feeds the glut of the world

Why should the best local food be exported while inferior produce is dumped on the African market. Why should Africans follow the first world trend? Do we not also deserve the best?

Why export food at all while 75% of Africans struggle to put decent food on the table?

Why should Africa need import food if we have enough to export?

The science for global intelligent farming exists. If all peaceful countries in Africa unite to create an African market according to the continent's needs, it would not be necessary for people to flog to the most southern point of Africa in a hope to escape starvation.

It is now the time for survival tactics while the rest of the world is still focused on making poverty a history.
Africa will have to prove that they are not merely global beggars but can and will become self sustainable.

This cycle of pouring investment into Africa will not last forever. We need to "
strike while the world's pockets are open"

Africa can not afford to wait for corrupt or war-torn African countries to restore harmony and peace. The countries who are ready to make poverty a history need to unite now to create global poverty rescue strategies.

Majority Rule in Africa

Opposition parties often create conflict and unrest by stirring the large group of "unthinking" public into violent action. It is often the politician that is able to deceive the public the most who gained power in the first place.

Sadly these same politicians often forget the very people who voted them in as soon as they are elected.

The "unthinking" public can be stirred to devotion, loyalty and peace if they experience their leader's efforts to improve their standard of living and protection.

In Africa it is the working (or unemployed) class who puts politicians in power. It is the same working class the opposition will use to topple him/her from power.

Caring for the needs of the workers and the unemployed is the best political move a politician can make.

Friday, May 18, 2007

The Crystal in the Rock

The Crystal in the Rock

In many African countries, non-aboriginal people are like a crystal in the centre of a rock.

They feel suppressed, depressed, in the dark and with no space for expansion. The rock likes to hide, or squeeze the crystal out, and tries to forget that it exists.

The crystal and the rock are different, yet they are the same rock. The crystal develops in the rock, without it's crystal content the rock will be much weakened and vulnerable when faced by the onslaught of the elements. Without the rock, the crystal will float around with no resting place or purpose. For they are one and need each other.

If the rock allows its crystal to expand and radiate out; the whole rock will be strengthened and regain its magnetism.

Let each African country become like a rock that is not fearful of that which developed within itself but utilise all that it is and reclaim its whole power, strength and purpose.

Sunday, May 13, 2007

Positive Mourning


Let those who helped to create our past continue to shape our future.

In Africa we are faced with the following disturbing facts:

1 The number of people dying each day increases at an alarming rate.

2 We are running out of space in which to bury the dead

3 Many grave sites are deteriorating and are never visited by family members.

4 The space for our wildlife and natural vegetation is shrinking at an alarming rate and

many species have become extinct.

5 In history the technologies of the times have always influenced the way the dead was


6 For many people the mark they carved in life soon fades after the period of morning

Is over.


Solutions to ponder on:

We can allow graves that are no longer visited by relatives become part of a nature reserve (without disturbing the last resting places of those who are buried there).

Thorough documentation and photographic records of the graves that will become part of this tranquil garden could be done and placed on a special Internet site to honour all those who lived and died on African soil.

Each person deserves to have his/her biography recorded , Each person helped to write the history of our culture, town or country. The lessons learned and his/her achievements or inability to achieve could be and inspiration or lesson for those who follow.

Death need not to be a vacuum lined by heartache and sorrow. People do not have to cease their existence when they die.

So much more information can be written on a web space than on a grave stone

Tuesday, May 01, 2007


Some day the western world will recognise that the sins of Apartheid have only jumped to the other side of the chessboard
Instead of complaining about the wrongs of past regimes, people should compare their way of living with that of people where there was little interference from outsiders.

In the past wars among tribes and food supply kept the population at an equilibrium and man lived in harmony with nature but in fear of those in power. Only those who can live without their freedom of choice, universities, schools, hospitals railroads, modern technologies, air travel, cell phones, study and computers have the right to complain about the wrongs of the past.

Yes, many wrongs caused much pain in African history.
The result of the slave trade, the drain of African commodities, the isolated European settlements, who cared only for their own kind, brought to Africa the infrastructure and tools of modern civilisation.

Countries who absorb the skills and knowledge base of the ones who are the custodians of experience and funds will find it easier to enhance their economies

One saw the breakdown in the economies of countries, that did not have the infrastructure or knowledge and funds to maintain their level of productivity, who prematurely broke the link with England.

One sees that same breakdown of the economy when businesses close down because governmental interference makes the working environment unfriendly.

So much of Africa's brain and financial resources are living outside the country because they are branded as foreigners of Africa (based on the colour of their skin)

Uplifting the lives of all people in Africa, without outside help has never been done before. It is better for Africa to utilise skills that was home grown (even if they benefited by apartheid) than to import skilled foreigners who will leak the profits to enrich their own roots.

Western sympathy and aid will dry up while the struggling and suppression continue. It is time for Africans to become colour blind and recognise the abilities and strengths in people instead of their cultural beliefs and the colour of their skins.

For the first time in history, Africa has the means to dignify the lives of all her people.

New unique strategies are needed and not by repeating the sins of the past.

Beware of shrewd business people who give with one hand, while feeding their glut with the other.
The power of Africa is not her gold or ivory, but her natural resources. This is the last continent where the big five can roam freely. - but not for long.
Africans are the custodians of the "Garden of Eden, .... but at this rate, not for long.

Ex Unitate Vires.